Sexual behaviour and HIV prevalence among men who have sex with men in Cali, Colombia

MOPE260 – Poster Exhibition

Sexual behaviour and HIV prevalence among men who have sex with men in Cali, Colombia

O. Rada

Senderos Asociacion Mutual, Colombia, Cali, Colombia

Background: Cali is a city of 3 million people located in southwest Colombia .During 2010, UNFPA Colombia and the Ministry of Social Welfare conducted a national study on men who have sex with men (MSM), gathering information on MSM sexual behavior and the magnitude and characteristics of the HIV epidemic among this population. The study was conducted in seven cities across the country, including Cali. One organization of the Civil Society (Senderos A.M.) in Cali was responsible for the execution of the study and was responsible for the protocol provided.

Methods: The study used Respondent Driven Sampling and serological survey; Information on sexual behavior was collected by a structured survey. Cali sample consisted of 333 MSM; due to a homophobic attack on the project’s Cali office that resulted in the destruction of study materials and tracking documents, data collection was interrupted before researchers could reach the target sample size of 350.

Results: HIV prevalence among MSM in Cali was 24.1%. Of the survey respondents in Cali, 20% identified as bisexual; 75.2%, identified as homosexual; and 4.8% identified as heterosexual. 14.8% of MSM surveyed did not know where to get tested for HIV. 21.9% underwent a test for HIV in the last 12 months, and 50.3% received information about HIV testing procedures and locations. Only 10.6% of respondents knew that free condoms can be accessed in health institutions. 28.1% of respondents have had to fake their sexual orientation.

Conclusions: Current HIV and STI education and prevention initiatives for MSM are not meeting the needs of MSM in Cali. In addition, stigma and discrimination against MSM remains a barrier to research on MSM, as well as MSM-specific education and prevention activities. More efforts are needed to increase HIV testing among MSM, reduce risk behavior, and decrease homophobic stigma and discrimination.

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Posted on July 23, 2012, in Uncategorized. Bookmark the permalink. Comments Off on Sexual behaviour and HIV prevalence among men who have sex with men in Cali, Colombia.

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